This photo was of one of the Assyrian rooms at the museum. Surrounding us on all sides was a ceramic tapestry of the Assyrian victory over Israelite Lachish – an unusual thing for the Assyrians to note, given Lachish wasn’t the main city at the time. The tour guide persuaded us that if Sennacherib’s army (Assyrian) had taken Jerusalem, the commissioned artwork round the room would have certainly been of that. But instead we find letters between Sennacherib (Assyrian King) and Hezekiah (Israelite King) threatening the Israelites from outside the Jerusalem walls, yet no news of victory. In fact Assyrian records even suggest that the battle put Sennacherib “like a bird in a cage” – an Assyrian metaphor elsewhere found as an embarrassing term of defeat, despite their 300,000 strong army. So what happened?
Well the Bible spoke many thousand years ago of why we don’t hear of a Jerusalem victory (2 Kings 19; 2 Chron 32; Isa 36) as well as many things that corroborate with relatively recent archaeological discoveries. For centuries there were no extra-Biblical records of people like the Assyrian King Sargon, and people ridiculed Biblical accounts that mentioned this unknown King. Until they found evidence later for exactly this person.
And so I’m not too alarmed if we don’t know much yet of a Queen Vashti (book of Esther) or others in the Bible, from archaeology. Partly because my faith doesn’t rest on such evidence (yes, it’s nice to have, but it doesn’t undermine the testimony of scripture to not have it), despite it being a “reasonable faith” (I would argue). But partly because I have confidence that like the tens (if not hundreds) of other things corroborated by such later findings, that Scripture will remain as trustworthy and accurate as it always has been.
One final note about this picture: do you see the scratching on King Sennacherib’s face (sitting on his throne)?
Well, as history is so often written by the winners, when the Medes and Persians took over the Babylonian kingdom, it would appear they liked art enough to keep this work, but not to have Sennacherib remembered as the King!
Perhaps such principles of history are also why we remember a lot about Pharaoh Ramses (and bizarrely have him in our movies about Moses) and surprisingly little about Pharaoh Thutmose III or Hatshepsut, who were perhaps more likely to have been reigning during Moses’ time. But for that, and the significance of why it matters to the Biblical Exodus, you better signup to a free tour! And I better go away and do some more homework on it.